Global wine production to drop in 2021 as extreme weather hits Europe
Global wine production in 2021 is expected to drop 4% from last year, to around 250 million hectoliters (mhl), or 25 billion liters and close to the all-time low seen in 2017, the International Organization of the vine and wine (OIV) estimated.
Its figures are preliminary, but they highlight the “severe impact” of “unfavorable climatic conditions” on the 2021 vintage in certain regions of Europe, declared the director general of the OIV, Paul Roca, during a report. virtual press conference.
The largest European producers, France, Spain and Italy, lost around 22 million hl (2.2 billion liters) of potential wine production due to weather factors such as frost, storms hail and mildew, estimated the OIV.
France could experience its smallest wine harvest in decades and Roca has said it will likely be Spain’s third place in the global wine production league.
The 2021 French harvest should reach 34.2 million hl, down 27% compared to 2020, and Spain on 35 million hl, down 14%, said the OIV. Italy, the world’s largest producer country, is expected to experience a 2021 harvest of 44.5 million hl, down 9% from 2020.
Smaller harvests don’t necessarily mean poorer quality, and several winemakers have said Carafe this they remain optimistic about the grapes that survived the conditions of 2021.
Roca also cautioned against the assumption that wine enthusiasts will see shortages. Even if the OIV is waiting world wine consumption increase, he said, “you cannot say that there will be a shortage, because there are stocks”. Stock levels can naturally vary by area, of course.
Many countries in the southern hemisphere experienced larger vintages in 2021. Australia and Chile both increased their wine production by around 30% from 2020, to 14.2 million hl and 13.4 million hl respectively. Wine production in the United States is expected to increase 6% from 2020, to 24.1 million hl, but is down 3% from the five-year average. Drought affected yields in some areas.
Globally, however, 2021 is “the third year in a row that global wine production has been below average,” Roca said.
Coming the week of Cop26 Climate Summit in Glasgow, a large part of the OIV press conference was devoted to climate issues.
Climatologists have repeatedly warned of more frequent and erratic extreme weather events, which impact vineyards as well as entire communities.
Roca spoke of a “destabilization” of climatic conditions but also of the importance of the work carried out within the OIV and elsewhere to help winegrowers to adapt. “We have a lot of tools,” he said.