World wine production hits record high
Italy remains the world’s leading producer of wine, followed by France and Spain. These countries are also the world’s largest exporters, representing more than 50% of the world market by volume.
Production in the United States, Argentina, Chile and New Zealand increased; while production in South Africa has declined due to drought in the country.
World wine production figures
World wine production has recorded a Decrease of 8.2% in 2017To 246.7 million hl (million hectoliters), with the largest drops in the EU which saw a drop of 14%. This has been attributed to extreme weather events which resulted in premature harvests and reduced crop yields across Europe.
In 2018, however, global wine production increased from 42.5 million hl to 292.3 million hl.
Italy remains the world’s largest producer with 54.8 Mhl, followed by France (49.1 Mhl) and Spain (44.4 Mhl).
However, climatic conditions affected production in some European countries. In Portugal (6.1 Miohl), powdery mildew and powdery mildew episodes impacted 2017 productions, even though production was still above the average for recent years. Production in Greece (2.2 Mhl) and Bulgaria (1.0 Mhl) was low.
Based on available data, China’s production levels are estimated at 9.3 Mhl in 2018 (down 2.3 Mhl from 2017).
Wine production in the United States increased by 0.5 Mhl compared to 2017, reaching 23.9 Mhl (excluding juice and musts).
Best wine countries
Italyis the largest wine producer in the world
Spain has the largest area of ââvineyards
United States is the biggest wine consumer
The biggest exporters are France(In value) and Spain(in volume)
Production in Argentina increased by 2.7 Mhl to 14.5 Mhl, while Chile saw strong growth with an increase of 3.4 Mhl to 12.9 Mhl. Production in Brazil, however, fell to 3.1 million hl.
South Africa produced 9.5 Mhl in 2018: with a drop of 1.4 Mhl attributed to drought.
Australian production remained stable with 12.9 Mhl vinified. New Zealand produced 3.0 mhl, an increase of 0.2 mhl.
A stop to the decline of the vineyards?
Global wine-growing area has been declining since 2014, mainly due to a reduction in wine-growing area in the United States, Portugal, Iran and Turkey.
In 2018, however, the total global vineyard area was estimated at 7.4 mha – very similar to the area recorded in 2017. Spain continues to devote the largest area to vines: with 969 kha.
âIn Europe, the area in Italy would have increased by around 5 kha between 2017 and 2018, reaching 706 kha. This goes against the trend of other European countries which are experiencing a stabilization of their wine-growing areas. says the OIV.
âIn Asia, the expansion of Chinese vineyards (875 kha) slowed down after more than 10 years of strong growth, while Turkey (448 kha) saw its size stabilize in 2018 after a steady decline since 2003.
âIn the Americas, the area of ââthe vineyard increased particularly in Mexico, where it reached 34 kha.
âSouth African vineyards have been declining slowly since 2012, reaching 125 kha in 2018.
âIn Oceania, the recent decline in Australian vineyards (145 kha) seems to have slowed down, while New Zealand vineyards have remained more or less stable around 39 kha.
The first indicators of the 2019 harvest suggest a decrease in most of the countries of the southern hemisphere. Argentina, Brazil and Chile are all expected to be affected; as are Australia (due to a hot summer) and South Africa (which continues to be affected by drought). New Zealand is the only country in the southern hemisphere where an increase in harvests is expected.
Exports and Imports
World trade in 2018 reached 108 million hl, as well as an increase of 1.2% in value, reaching 31.3 billion euros ($ 35 billion).
Wine exports are dominated by Spain, Italy and France: which represent 50% of the world market in volume. Spain is the biggest exporter in volume with 20.9 million hl, representing 19.4% of the world market. France is the largest exporter by value, with 9.3 billion euros (10.5 billion dollars) exported.
Bottled wines represent 70% of exported wines (by value) and sparkling wines 20% (while they only represent 9% by volume).
Bulk wine exports decreased in volume (-5%) but increased in value (3.8%).
The top five importers – Germany, UK, US, France and China – accounted for more than half of total imports.
Growth in consumption stalls
Global wine consumption was estimated at 246 Mhl in 2018: levels similar to 2017 at 243 Mhl. While global wine consumption fell after the 2008/2009 economic crisis, the past three years have seen consumption rise again – although it now appears to have stagnated.
This is mainly due to lower consumption in China (down 6.6% to 18 million hl) and the UK.
The United States is the largest consumer of wine in the world: consumption in 2018 increased by 1.1% to reach 33 million hl.
“A modest drop was observed in South America, except in Brazil, where 2018 consumption, at 3.6 Mhl, remained almost stable compared to 2017” notes the OIV. âConsumption in most European countries remained stable, with the exception of Spain (where it increased for the third consecutive year to reach 10.7 Mhl in 2018), Portugal (5.5 Mhl in 2018), Romania (4.5 Mhl) and Hungary (2.4 Mhl).
âAt 4.3 Mhl, South African consumption also registered a slight decrease. In Oceania, however, compared to 2017, consumption in Australia increased by 6.1% to 6.3 Mhl, while in New Zealand it remained almost stable at 0.9 Mhl.
Photo credits: getty / sanny11; getty / paylessimages